Local climate catastrophe and future epidemics could kill more people than all the nuclear bombs on the planet.
Nature has its guidelines and personal rules. Identical to our human physique! What happens when an unknown pathogen enters the body? Our immune system tries to eliminate it or it will probably harm us. This also applies to nature.
Animals migrate in response to ecological components that decide the mode and depth of migration. If local climate change alters these components, animal migration patterns could be affected.
There are 10,000 types of viruses that can harm humans, but the majority of them are currently circulating in wild mammals. However, as the local weather and improving scenery changes, the odds of previously isolated wildlife species sharing these viruses will improve.
According to analyses, this contact between humans and animals will lead to mutations and the transmission of viruses.
The research reveals how local climate change can affect the migration patterns of hundreds of animals via detailed modelling. This could lead to the incidence of around 15,000 new interspecies viral transmissions by 2070.
The research results indicate that this situation of large-scale viral spread will occur. As scientists predicted, the overwhelming majority of these events would have occurred between 2011 and 2040, suggesting that many of them may already be happening.
Scientists observe that while limiting temperature to 2oC or lower is a fascinating goal, it won’t always result in reduced viral spread.
In other words, even if we mitigate local climate change, we may encounter life-saving shifts in animal movements and life-saving viral transmission. There are additional initiatives we can take to avoid the worst case scenario.
Due to the uncertainty of how land might be used over the next fifty years, the authors’ model is based on a wide range of land use contingencies, including deforestation, land use agricultural land and changes in human settlements.
However, none of this is inevitable. We can also help reduce the harmful effects of the way we use the earth and prevent the spread of the next pandemic.
This is only possible if we are able to take back control of land use and democratically determine what the best use should be rather than leaving it to capitalist markets.
Real estate and agribusiness currently have a disproportionate management of the place and the way the land is developed because of our governments is tied to business activities. As a result, there was an uncontrolled variety of giant dwelling constructions, usually penetrating deep into the necessary ecological niches.
Sixty-seven percent of coastal wetlands have already been destroyed as a direct result of this development. These wetlands are important for supporting native ecosystems, reducing flood risk, reducing carbon and preventing erosion.
Jair Bolsonaro’s far-right regime quickly destroyed the Amazon rainforest in Brazil to provide additional farmland.